Confronted with a literal interpretation of 'goodness' Katie, as most people would, finds that she cannot abide such a gear change in her husband and, with the positions in the marriage now reversed, Katie begins to question her own morality. Through Katie's inner conflict, Hornby seeks to address the disparity between the complacent and distant morality that sustains individuals' self-delusional sense of their own 'goodness', and their inability or unwillingness to press their good intentions into action. However, the argument is incredibly simplistic, with little deep exploration of the themes. In truth, How to be Good starts out on an interesting path, with funny and well observed scenes, but as it progresses the novel struggles under the burden of its theme and Hornby's poor execution of it. The plot doesn't seem to carry any tight structure, and gives the impression of a story that was written on the hoof without any overarching structure in place. There is an overriding sense that this is a high concept novel that never really evolved into a cogent piece of writing.
How to be Good is probably best described as a parable; Hornby attempting to mix realism with a fairy tale approach to story-telling. Unfortunately, the execution grates, and the reader is left unsure as to exactly where the novel is pitched. In keeping with this slightly uncomfortable style, the characters are neither wholly believable nor caricatured; they provide no allegory of morality, nor any compelling look at the human psyche and the modern position to morality. On the plus side, How to be Good is a very easy read, with Hornby's prose flowing in a simplistic and pleasant manner - for some readers this will be a light read with a gentle discussion rumbling on throughout.
Ultimately though, the novel peters out and shies away from any substantial comment on the nature of morality or 'goodness', instead shifting focus to the domestic and settling for Katie's conclusion that family is at the centre of her life but that joy and escapism from the mundanities and hardships of the world can be found in art, literature, and music; that without these pleasures life can be a barren and meaningless struggle. This is a fine message and one worthy of consideration, however, in a novel that sets its stall out to consider the nature of 'goodness' How to be Good feels aimless, vapid, and devoid of any satisfying content. Perhaps then, at its heart, the book is about the central relationship, about seeing things from one another's perspective and understanding that, actually, life's not so bad.
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